Net income for the quarter amounted to $431 million, a decline of 9.5% from $476 million in the year-ago quarter.
During the quarter, the company delivered continued double-digit organic sales growth in developing and emerging markets, realized improved net selling prices in North America and Europe and also benefited from lower costs stemming from commodity cost deflation and cost savings initiatives. According to K-C, these positive factors contributed to an increase in gross profit margin of approximately 200 basis points versus the year-ago quarter, more than offsetting higher costs for production curtailment and pension expenses.
Operating profit and earnings per share, however, were down compared to the prior year, mainly as a result of unfavorable currency effects and the decline in overall sales volumes. Currency translation and transaction losses reduced earnings in the first quarter by about 30 cents per share compared with the prior year. The increase in pension expenses in the first quarter was equivalent to approximately 8 cents per share.
In the personal care product segment, sales declined 3.4% compared with the first quarter of 2008. Net selling prices increased 6% and sales volumes and product mix both improved 1% while weaker currencies reduced sales by more than 11%. K-C also revealed that personal care sales in North America increased about 2% versus the year-ago quarter, as improvements in net selling prices and product mix of 5% and 1%, respectively, were partially offset by decreases in sales volumes and unfavorable currency effects of 2% each.